How to Prepare for Hurricanes, Wildfires, Storms and Other Natural Disasters

Wildfire season has already worn out nearly 2 million acres of land within the US to date this yr. With a report of heightened risks of blackouts all through giant components of the nation this summer time — and climate change introducing more frequent and more severe storms — we needed to present an outline of the commonest pure disasters within the US. 

Here we’ll element what climate occasions are most probably to happen, in addition to when and the place. We’ll additionally share sources on how to put together for a serious local weather occasion, and what to do within the aftermath of 1. 

Keep in thoughts that due to the shifting severity of the local weather disaster, the “season” for a few of these disasters can also be evolving. Wildfire season used to typically happen between May and October, however in recent times devastating fires have occurred late within the yr and early earlier than the “official” season has begun.

Use this info as a normal information so you possibly can plan forward the place you reside — and know what to count on for those who journey to one other area within the US throughout a pure catastrophe season.

Common pure disasters

Let’s discover essentially the most frequent pure disasters within the US, when their seasons usually happen and the place they happen. Again, remember the fact that these occasions can occur at any time of yr, however are most energetic throughout a selected season. We’ll additionally hyperlink to sources detailing how to put together for considered one of these climate occasions, and what to do if one impacts your own home.

Hurricanes 

Hurricanes, additionally knowns as tropical cyclones, have barely completely different seasons within the US relying on the area, in accordance to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. On the Atlantic coast, hurricane season begins June 1 and runs by way of Nov. 30. Eastern Pacific hurricane season lasts somewhat longer, beginning on May 15 and persevering with by way of November. A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration report predicts this yr’s Atlantic season will expertise above-average hurricane activity

Read about how to prepare for hurricane season on this information.

Floods

Flooding is essentially the most frequent pure catastrophe within the US, in accordance to Ready.gov, and is not restricted to a selected space or area of the nation. Similarly, floods do not happen throughout a selected season, as rain and snow occasions can lead to a sudden overflow of water at any time. Flash floods are projected to worsen this century due to local weather change, primarily based on an April research revealed in Nature. 

Learn how to defend your own home from water injury in our flood prevention checklist

Tornadoes

In the US, tornadoes are most probably to happen within the Southeast and Midwest areas. While there is no set twister season, the bulk happen within the spring and summer time, with May being the most active month for tornadoes.  

Find out how to use your phone to stay safe throughout a twister or different pure catastrophe. 

Wildfires 

Wildfires primarily have an effect on the western US, the place drought circumstances enhance the chance. This yr, although, we have already had wildfires in states like New Hampshire and Arkansas. New Mexico has been significantly hard-hit this yr, with over 600,000 acres misplaced to wildfires to date. Most wildfires occur between May and October, however have skilled extra earlier and later within the season in recent times. 

There are a whole lot of steps you possibly can take to defend your own home for those who stay in an space susceptible to wildfires. Start with our complete information on how to prepare for wildfire season.

Droughts

Large components of the western US are at the moment experiencing drought. The US Drought Monitor lists a lot of these areas as “extreme,” “excessive” or “distinctive,” with distinctive being essentially the most critical degree of drought. The drought circumstances within the southwestern US are the worst in over 1,200 years, in accordance to a research by UCLA. Satellite photos of Arizona and Utah’s Lake Powell present clear indicators of the lake’s decreasing water levels over time. 

Read extra in regards to the drought affecting the West, together with the present circumstances and how to track them to stay up to date.

Earthquakes

Earthquakes can occur throughout any time of the yr and most happen in an space often called the “Ring of Fire,” in accordance to the US Geological Survey. This space extends nicely past the US, however encompasses your complete West Coast all the way in which to Alaska. Most US earthquakes happen in Alaska and California

Check out our earthquake preparedness guide to be taught extra about how to keep secure throughout an earthquake.

Final ideas

Shifting climate patterns imply we’ve to adapt to the rise of storms and different pure occasions. Fortunately, there are lots of steps you possibly can take to defend your self and your own home from a pure catastrophe. Here are some further sources:

For much more particulars on pure disasters and how to put together beforehand or reply after an occasion takes place, take a look at Ready.gov.

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